Industrial Fire Journal - Fire & Rescue - Hemming Group Ltd
Handling rejection

FEATURE Conclusive research tests show a reduction in false alarms when sophisticated multi-sensor detectors are used, write Bernard Laluvein and Robert Yates.

False alarms – the cost

A study has been released that aims to establish the cost of false fire alarms in different European countries.

Demystifying area classification

Research that aimed to shed light on oil mist to control risk of ignition has found significant gaps in existing models and has identified a higher risk from kerosene.

Selection and use of firefighting foams
Fire-fighting foam guidance

Fire Protection Association Australia publishes information bulletin on the selection and use of fire-fighting foams.

Holistic fire engineering
An introduction to holistic fire engineering and holistic fire strategies, by Paul Bryant

During the early days of my career in the fire industry, I was fortunate to witness the start of a sea change in thinking. I saw the emergence of a radical departure from the prescriptive codes that impacted in every aspect of fire safety and protection. A British Standard Committee had been tasked to develop a standard heralding a new, and more flexible approach to fire safety for buildings. The result was new British Standard Draft for Development DD240. Whereas prescriptive codes were often seen as obstacles, DD240 gave the fire engineering profession an alternative way forward.

PPE & Duty of Care Forum - condensed

Delegates attending the highly successful PPE & Duty of Care Forum held in Birmingham in February experienced the complexities surrounding the evolving process of ensuring that firefighters remain safe not only today but also throughout their lives. Highlights by Jose Sanchez de Muniain.

Live investigations of false fire alarms

BRE briefing paper investigates the causes of unwanted fire alarms and provides 35 recommendations.

Marine casualties and incidents

The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) has published the 2014 overview of marine casualties and incidents. 

Thermal runaway

The many challenges of shaping an effective ARFF suppression strategy for lithium battery fires means that the aviation industry’s concerns are unlikely to go away for some time yet, writes Ronald M Butler, CEO of Energy Storage Safety Products International, Detroit, USA.

Download your free copy of ‘Healthy firefighters – the Skellefteå Model’

A ground-breaking practical model for reducing firefighters’ exposure to chemical and biological substances is now available in English.

Visual alarm devices guidance

Download a free guide for visual alarm and indicating devices sold in the European Union.

Rising to the toxic challenge

PAPER: How toxic gases can be detected with open path systems, by Ian Buchanan, European Manager, Spectrex.

Fixed fire extinguishing system container content test, measurement and validation

Fire Industry Association publishes guidance for the fire protection industry.

Promat UK publishes authoritative white paper on structural steel fire protection

The most popular solutions, which include intumescent paints, board-based systems, as well as cementitious and gypsum sprays, are evaluated in the 18-page document.

Biomass Firefighting and Class A Foams/Wetting Agents – Fact File 61

New FIA paper sets out how the use of these agents can be used to reduce the extent and duration of fires involving biomass storage.

Fire risks at filling stations for liquefied natural gas

SP has carried out tests to investigate the effect of heat from leaks of burning gas on hoses carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG).  The results will be used as a basis for new rules for the design and construction of fire resistant filling stations for LNG powered vehicles.

What important criteria are missing from recent fire test standards?

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) revised their fire test standards recently, with changes to their Level B fire test and introduction of a new higher performance Level C fire test (1). Mike Willson, of Willson Consulting (Tasmania), questions whether a more comprehensive standard could have been delivered. 

Are unsafe 'fireproofing' practices still being used in oil & gas and petrochemical processing plants?

Decades after clear evidence of unsatisfactory performance have emerged, some stakeholders still specify, supply and install an obsolete arrangement that may be inherently unsafe - namely hollow encasement, says MMI Engineering’s PFP experts; Graham Boaler, Richard Holliday and Edward Walker.

Modelling fire risk behaviours and attitudes to improve the identification of areas at risk of fire in the community

Groundbreaking research from the University of Sheffield and Sheffield Hallam University will enable firefighters to examine community fire risk behaviour with a pioneering computational simulation programme.

Partnership approach to understanding data centre fires

Groundbreaking research will answer questions such as where to place smoke detectors. 

A new foam solution for rim seal fires

PAPER: Rim seal fire protection for floating roof tanks with new developments in fire fighting foams containing water-soluble high molecular weight polymers, by Armi Haran, President, Orchidee International.

Facing the fires of a meltdown - lessons learned from Fukushima

For Robert Lewin, Fire Chief, CAL FIRE/San Luis Obispo County the lessons are clear: protection of nuclear facilities by skilled full-time onsite fire departments and well-trained and equipped offsite fire departments needs to be significantly increased. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) must require that industry, local, state, and federal fire fighting services review and participate in comprehensive improvements to the way nuclear power plants are protected. Summary of Fire Chief Lewin’s presentation at the NFPA 2014 Conference and Expo.

The Bangladesh Fire Safety Programme

Over the past two years, international attention has been focused on the tragic fires and building collapses that have occurred in the ready-made facilities in the developing world - what efforts are being made to protect the workers and improve the fire and life safety in Bangladesh? PRESENTATION REPORT

Fire detection: challenges and solutions

Fred Hildebrandt of Janus Fire Detection tackles the thorny subject of choosing the correct detection technology for protecting industrial facilities.

Verdict: pipe walls thinned due to corrosion that went uninspected for years

CSB releases analysis showing cause of the rupture and hydrogen blast in 2009 Silver Eagle Refinery accident in Woods Cross, Utah.

Pat Cox
However good you think your fire resistance is there are compelling reasons for never taking it for granted

Fire consultant Pat Cox outlines the many ways that fire resistance can be compromised.

Three-year study shows that fire sprinklers are a ‘sound investment for larger warehouses’

Study looks at whole-life cost benefit analysis for fire sprinkler installation in differently sized warehouses in England.

International Water Mist Association annual conference highlights: Industrial oil cooker protection from the insurance point of view, Stuart Lloyd, Zurich Insurance, UK

Stuart Lloyd ran through the impact of business interruption (and associated costs); how insurance companies react to claims; and suitable protection as accepted by insurance companies.

Fire protection industry review (UK) published

The first Market Conditions Review by the Fire Industry Association reveals gradual recovery as well as an increase in third-party certificated companies.

FIre Loss in the US
Fire Loss in the United States in 2012

Figures show decrease in number of fires, fire fatalities and injuries, but increase in property damage costs.

Izmit earthquake
Earthquakes and life safety systems

Earthquake protection for fire sprinkler systems, by Daniel C Duggan, VP Seismic Design Group.

Getting to grips with cabling and labelling

Prysmian’s Product Manager Simon Hopkins reviews cable standards which promote high standards of cable and fixings throughout public buildings. He advises that low smoke zero halogen cable should be designed and installed into electrical power and control circuits as the responsible choice as opposed to PVC.

Managing the lithium (ion) battery fire risk

The lithium (ion) battery fire problem, by Ron Butler, partner with LithFire-X.

OSHA issues new resource to protect emergency workers at combustible dust fires

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has published Firefighting Precautions at Facilities with Combustible Dust, a new, informative booklet that outlines safe procedures for emergency responders who may face fires and explosions caused by combustible dust. 

Managing contaminated fire water – procedural guide (free to download)

This guide has kindly been provided to Hemming Fire by Nigel Holmes, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Australia.

Fire Fighting Foams with Perfluorochemicals – Environmental Review, by Dr Jimmy Seow, Manager, Pollution Response Unit, Department of Environment and Conservation Western Australia

Hemming Fire exclusive: download the most exhaustive paper on the subject to date.

Emergency response planning: why working in harmony is essential

Marcelo D’Amico, Fire Protection Engineer/Principal at Orcus Fire Protection LLC, Houston, Texas, writes on the benefits of project collaboration on emergency response planning.

Papers available for the International Water Mist Conference

Conference papers presented at the IWMC 2012 that took place 14-15 November have been posted online.

Fundamentals of Hydrogen Safety Engineering, parts I & II, have been published online.

These are the first state-of-the-art books on the new discipline of hydrogen safety engineering. 

NFPA Fire and Emergency Services Protective Clothing and Equipment Project

Summary of the presentation by NFPA Staff Liaison David Trebisacci at NFPA 2012, Las Vegas.

Inherently safer: the future of risk reduction

Video by CSB examines how industry can eliminate or reduce hazards.

NFPA releases report on impact of sprinklers on fire flow water consumption

The study considers water expected to be used in various buildings with and without automatic sprinkler protection during a fire condition, and estimates the water used per year for commissioning, inspection, testing and maintenance.

Handbook of Tunnel Fire Safety Second edition has been published

Edited by Alan Beard and Richard Carvel, the Handbook of Tunnel Fire Safety, Second edition, is the first book to span the spectrum of state-of-the-art knowledge in tunnel fire safety science and engineering. 

Going underground

Industrial Fire Journal's Editor reports on a one-day seminar on the benefits of a systematic approach to fire safety on underground railways, as organised by London Underground, October 2011.

Safety information gap 'of particular concern'

AVEVA, a leader in engineering design and information management solutions, has published a report highlighting the safety information gap in industry.

Nine billion litres of water wasted fighting fires in UK businesses, reveals new report

The installation of fire protection sprinklers in commercial and industrial buildings would save England and Wales the equivalent of five times’ the entire annual bottled-water consumption for the UK.


No substitute for flame arresters

Testing and applying flame arresters, by Dr.-Ing. Michael Davies & Dr. rer.nat. Thomas Heidermann of Braunschweiger Flammenfilter GmbH (PROTEGO), (Germany).

Causes of Fire Emergencies managed by Rescue 1122 in Punjab, Pakistan

This retrospective study has investigated the leading causes of fire emergencies in twelve major cities of Punjab, Pakistan, managed by Rescue 1122 between 2007 to June 2010.

Short Circuiting 50%, Careless Smoking 10%, Gas Leakage 5%, Candle/Heater 2%, Forest Fires 1%, Fire Works 1%, LPG/Cylinder Blast 0.82%, Kitchen Fire 0.18%, Unknown 25% and others 5% respectively found to be the leading causes of the reported fire incidents.

By following the fire safety standards, strict law enforcement, community awareness programme and mass media campaign could play an effective role in reducing fire emergencies.  

Fires at U.S. Service Stations – new report

The NFPA has published a new printable fact sheet and updated report: Fires at U.S. Service Stations by Ben Evarts, April 2011. 

Abstracts from the Fires in Vehicles Conference

Fires in Vehicles, FIVE, is a new international conference covering many aspects of fire safety in vehicles used for transportation of people and goods. The event was created by SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Department of Fire Technology in response to a call for dialogue on this important issue from industry and other stakeholders.